My dissertation is a feminist rhetorical historiography of Mary Magdalene's diffuse and divergent histories of reception in antiquity, the Renaissance, and the present day. My project responds to interdisciplinary treatments of rhetoric, vision, media, gender, and sexuality. I question the relationships between canonical and heretical representations of Mary by exploring the rhetorical interplay of Mary's canonical and "heretical" depictions on papyrus and in paint. Embracing feminist calls for critical imagination, I read between the lines of the recently-discovered Gospel of Mary, and I embrace Mary's myriad representations in Renaissance, Baroque, and Contemporary painting. Mary's expansive histories of reception in both text and art inform, illuminate, and invite.